Migraine is a type of headache which is commonly seen in young and middle-aged females. About 12% of the population gets it.
As per ICD (International Classification of Diseases), migraine is “a class of disabling primary headache disorders, characterized by recurrent unilateral pulsatile headaches.”
The two major subtypes are common migraine (without aura) and classic migraine (with aura or neurological symptoms).
- A common, severe type of vascular headache often associated with the increased sympathetic activity, resulting in nausea, vomiting, and light sensitivity.
- Migraines are recurring attacks of moderate to severe pain. The pain is throbbing or pulsating and is often on one side of the head. During migraines, people are very sensitive to light and sound. They may also become nauseated and vomit. Migraine is three times more common in women than in men. Some people can tell when they are about to have a migraine because they see flashing lights or zigzag lines or they temporarily lose their vision.
- Many things can trigger a migraine. These include
- Lack of food or sleep
- Exposure to light
- Hormonal changes (in women)
- Menstrual cycle (in women)
- A neural condition characterized by a severe recurrent vascular headache, usually on one side of the head, often accompanied by nausea, vomiting, and photophobia, sometimes preceded by sensory disturbances; triggers include allergic reactions, excess carbohydrates or iodine in the diet, alcohol, bright lights or loud noises.
– Dr Kruti Trivedi (B.H.M.S., C.C.A.H., C.D.E.)